It sounds like a science-fiction story or a historical joke, but the discovery of a prehistoric beetle with a human’s shoe print on it raises longstanding questions about evolutionary history. 

“One side of the heel was embedded about 3.5 mm deep into a trilobite fossil,” archaeologists reported. “Obviously, the heel was quite worn down.” (Michael A. Cremo and Richard L. Thompson, Forbidden Archeology, 1998 Bhaktivedanta, p. 810).

The discovery has questioned the modern understanding of human evolution. (

We are well-versed in human history, but what’s so special about trilobites? And more to the point, what are they?

About 520 million years ago, these small, soft creatures lived in the oceans of our planet. They are the ancestors of arthropods in the ocean, such as lobsters and crabs, and lived and thrived until 250 million years ago before going completely extinct.

Trilobite fossils on ancient geological rock layers dating back to 250 million years ago (By Moussa Direct Ltd. – Moussa Direct Ltd. image archive, CC BY-SA 3.0/Wikipedia)

According to data compiled on Wikipedia, the ancient dating of trilobites is widely agreed upon. 

Trilobites ( /ˈtraɪləˌbaɪt, ˈtrɪ-, -loʊ-/;[4][5] meaning “three lobes”) are a group of extinct marine arachnomorph arthropods that form the class Trilobita. Trilobites form one of the earliest known groups of arthropods.”

“The first appearance of trilobites in the fossil record defines the base of the Atdabanian stage of the Early Cambrian period (521 million years ago), and they flourished throughout the lower Paleozoic era before beginning a drawn-out decline to extinction when, during the Devonian, era all trilobite orders except the Proetids died out.”

“Trilobites disappeared in the mass extinction at the end of the Permian era about 252 million years ago. The trilobites were among the most successful of all early animals, existing in oceans for over 300 million years.[6]

Discovery meets history

In most contemporary accounts of evolutionary history, humans are said to have appeared only two to three million years ago.

The building of cities, planting of crops, and living of a settled existence, as far as we know, only existed for about 10,000 years. Before that, humans lived as hunter-gatherers, eating whatever they could find. 

Not much distinguished them from other great apes. They were not even aware of simple time-keeping methods such as the tying of knots to mark the days.

The current scientific consensus is that the story of the shoe prints embedded in the fossils of trilobites is a meaningless archaeological coincidence.

How could humans step on a living being that disappeared hundreds of millions of years before they came into existence? The fact that the person, in this case, was wearing shoes is even more perplexing since this technology was not developed until about 40,000 years ago. 

While this evidence may inspire researchers to scrutinize their arguments about evolution, it certainly gives weight to the arguments of others who have already identified several problems with evolutionary theory.

Challenging the rationale of the theory of evolution

In June of 1968, collector William J. Meister in Antelope Spring, Utah, found a 5-centimeter-thick rock with a footprint embedded alongside a trilobite fossil.

This news quickly spread around the world, and scientists flocked to Antelope Spring in the hope of further discoveries. 

In fact, there exists a great deal of archeological evidence that challenges the evolutionary theory of human history taught in today’s biology classes. 

In 1967, human skeletons and a 10-centimeter-long arrowhead were found in a silver mine in Colorado. According to radiocarbon dating, these archaeological relics predated human beings by millions of years.

A human handprint complete with fingers (and even nails) was also discovered in the limestone slabs of Glen Rose, Texas. And it was dated to over 110 million years ago. 

Another fossilized finger was found on Axel Heiberg Island in Nunavut, Canada, and was also estimated to be at least 100 million years old. 

Recent archaeological findings have unearthed two lines of questioning. Have they discovered deficiencies in the modern theories of human origins which hold that humans evolved from apes?

Or, have they opened up the gate for us to delve into the mysteries of other prehistoric civilizations. Those that predate the ones we know by several million years?

The findings are fascinating. 




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